Socrates. A Greek philosopher. An enigmatic genius. A genius who gave a whole new norm to the Western philosophy. The standard set by him, his critical reasoning, his view on life and surrounding made him an admirable inspiration to many who came across his teachings, and also had accusers who eventually put him to trial and execution.Socrates. A Greek philosopher. An enigmatic genius. A genius who gave a whole new norm to the Western philosophy. The standard set by him, his critical reasoning, his view on life and surrounding made him an admirable inspiration to many who came across his teachings, and also had accusers who eventually put him to trial and execution.
Socrates was born circa 470 BC in Athens, Greece. His father was a stone mason and sculptor, and his mother was a midwife. Being an ordinary Athenian, he received a basic Greek education. For many years he worked as a stone mason, before he dedicated his life to philosophy. He was married and had three children, none of whom he cared much of. His rest of the life went on to teach young boys on their intellectual development and their life. He believed in authentic knowledge, rather than only victory over his rival.
He was famous for questioning everything in life and the world. He would accept no vague answers, rather, he would ask only for appropriate account of the nature of the problem. Socrates lived an impoverished life. Despite being such a significant figure in philosophy, he never left a word about himself. Whatever we get to know about him, it was all second-hand. Most of them are from the dialogues of Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of Aristophanes. The dialogues from Plato’s account have to be fairly accurate because the latter himself was a philosopher and had a tendency of including his own theories into dialogues.
Socrates was 70 years old when his trial and execution took place. This was in 399 BC. The trial happened because according to his accusers, Socrates was “refusing to recognise the gods recognised by the state”, and “corrupting the youth”. Because he had an anti-democratic point of view. Because his haters thought Socrates was introducing the youths to new gods. He had three hours to present his case and to defend himself, instead, he presented philosophical ideas which the 500 members of the jury refused to understand. He was also given the option to get exiled from Athens. But he declined the offer. Thus, Socrates was given a cup of poison hemlock to drink. And that made him his own executor.
Here are 30 quotes from Socrates that are full of wisdom.
1. Wisdom begins in wonder.
2. The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.
3. To know, is to know that you know nothing. That is the meaning of true knowledge.
4. Be as you wish to seem.
5. Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel.
6. Strong minds discuss ideas, average minds discuss events, weak minds discuss people.
7. To find yourself, think for yourself.
8. He who is not contented with what he has, would not be contented with what he would like to have.
9. Be slow to fall into friendship, but when you are in, continue firm and constant.
10. By all means marry; if you get a good wife, you’ll become happy; if you get a bad one, you’ll become a philosopher.
11. Sometimes you put walls up not to keep people out, but to see who cares enough to break them down.
12. Let him who would move the world first move himself.
13. The only good is knowledge and the only evil is ignorance.
14. Contentment is natural wealth, luxury is artificial poverty.
15. Do not do to others what angers you if done to you by others.
16. Every action has its pleasures and its prices.
17. We cannot live better than in seeking to become better.
18. Prefer knowledge to wealth, for the one is transitory, the other perpetual.
19. Death may be the greatest of all human blessings.
20. Those who are hardest to love, need it the most.
21. The secret of change is to focus all of your energy, not on fighting the old, but on building the new.
22. The secret of happiness, you see, is not found in seeking more, but in developing the capacity to enjoy less.
23. I know you won’t believe me, but the highest form of human excellence is to question oneself and others.
24. Understanding a question is half an answer.
25. Life is full of questions. Idiots are full of answers.
26. Employ your time in improving yourself by other men’s writings, so that you shall gain easily what others have labored hard for.
27. I cannot teach anyone anything, I can only make them think.
28. The unexamined life is not worth living.
29. To move the world we must move ourselves.
And last, but not the least,
30. Know thyself.
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Featured photo credit: JR Benjaminvia jrbenjamin.com
The unexamined →life is not worth living.
→Create Your Life Vision
Know thyself. >>>
To find yourself, think for yourself. >>>
Be as you wish to seem. >>>
We cannot live better than in seeking to become better.
→4 WHYsof True Success
I know you won't believe me, but the highest form of Human Excellence is to question oneself and others.
The way to gain a good reputation is to endeavor to be what you desire to appear.
Thank not those faithful who praise all thy words and actions; but those who kindly reprove thy faults.
By all means marry; if you get a good wife, you’ll become happy; if you get a bad one, you’ll become a philosopher.
→Happiness 360: the Three Loves
Beware the barrenness of a busy life. >>>
The secret of → happiness is not found in seeking more, but in developing the capacity to enjoy less. >>>
He who is not contented with what he has, would not be contented with what he would like to have.
Contentment is natural wealth, luxury is artificial poverty.
You should eat to live; not live to eat.
An honest man is always a child.
Regard your good name as the richest jewel you can possibly be possessed of – for credit is like fire; when once you have kindled it you may easily preserve it, but if you once extinguish it, you will find it an arduous task to rekindle it again. The way to gain a good reputation is to endeavor to be what you desire to appear.
The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing. >>>
I cannot teach anybody anything. I can only make them →think .
Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel.
Wonder is the beginning of wisdom. >>>
The only good is knowledge and the only evil is ignorance. >>>
Every action has its pleasures and its price.
I decided that it was not wisdom that enabled poets to write their poetry, but a kind of instinct or →inspiration, such as you find in seers and prophets who deliver all their sublime messages without knowing in the least what they mean.
The Three Socratic Principles
The three principles described below are the basis of all of Socrates teachings. Socrates advocated self-understanding and felt so strongly about it that he deemed it more important than any other pursuit in life. These principles are what Socrates thought were the most important goals of philosophy.2
1. Discover and Pursue Your Life's Purpose
Strive to discover who you are, what is your life mission, and what you are trying to become. It is necessary to lead a responsible and fully awake life. If you don't try to figure out who you are and what you believe then you are content to just exist and what's the point in that? What is the worth in your existence? >>>
→Create Your Life Vision
"Employ your time in improving yourself by other men's writings so that you shall come easily by what others have labored hard for."
2. Care for your soul
The most important task in life is caring for your soul. Your soul is the real person, who you really are. It is the center of your character and what makes you who you are. It is the basis of your thoughts, feelings, values, and →decisions.
→Self-Improvement: Thought Power
The most important task you face is realizing your potential as a person, who you are. The state of your soul makes you either foolish or wise. Just like the body, the soul should be kept healthy. An unhealthy soul is ignorant of the true priorities in life. You can keep your soul healthy by introspection and ridding yourself of ignorance.
"He is richest who is content with the least, for content is the wealth of nature."
3. Be a good person and you will not be harmed by outside forces
If your soul is good, then outside forces cannot not harm you. If the most important part of you is your soul and the soul is not physical but inward then it cannot be harmed. The body may be harmed by another person, but the soul cannot unless you allow yourself to become susceptible to others. Search constantly for wisdom by way of practicing self-evaluation if you wish your soul to be liberated from outside harm.
"Envy is the ulcer of the soul."
→The Wheel of Personal Success
The Socratic method is a major contribution to Western thought. Socrates applied his dialectic method of inquiry largely to the examination of key moral concepts such as the Good and Justice.
"To →solve a problem, it would be broken down into a series of questions, the answers to which gradually distill the answer a person would seek. The influence of this approach is most strongly felt today in the use of the scientific method, in which hypothesis is the first stage. The development and practice of this method is one of Socrates' most enduring contributions, and is a key factor in earning his mantle as the father of political philosophy, ethics or moral philosophy, and as a figurehead of all the central themes in Western philosophy."1... More
→Amazing Thinker 360