The opening paragraph has all the key information about the graph but it paraphrases the question. This is very important. Make sure you use synonyms and rephrase your answer. For example, in this case:
“shows” to “illustrates”
“oil capacity” to “amount of oil”
“from 1990 to 2010” to “between 1990 and 2010”
This paragraph gives a clear overview of the chart. The overall trend is that the capacity increased, but there is a big difference between Saudi Arabia and Qatar. This paragraph demonstrates an excellent knowledge of the required grammar and vocabulary. “Tended to increase”; “20-year period” (and not 20-years period); “significantly higher than”.
This paragraph goes into detail about the two most significant countries: Saudi Arabia and Qatar. It follows clearly from the previous paragraph which has highlighted these two countries. All the key vocabulary to describe movement in a graph is used correctly (“significant increase”; “rose steadily”; “reaching a peak”; “remained relatively stable”). There are two sentences about Saudi Arabia and then two about Qatar, correctly using the linking phrase “in contrast”. The paragraph is very well structured and cohesive, with no grammar mistakes and an excellent range of vocabulary.
Paragraph 4 gives details about the four remaining countries. Again, all the language for describing a graph is accurate – “saw a slight rise”, “peaked in 2010”. The prepositions are also used correctly (something students often mix up) – “a rise in production”, “in 1990”, “compared with”, “peaked in 2010 in Iran at over 4 million barrels”
This answer displays everything needed for a Band 9 answer on IELTS Task 1. The answer is clear and well-structured with a skilful use of paragraphs and links. There is a wide range of very natural vocabulary needed to describe a graph and there are no spelling mistakes. There are no grammar mistakes in the answer and there is an excellent range of complex structures.
IELTS task one marking scheme:
IELTS task 1 Writing band descriptors PDF
This post is by Everest Language School teacher and literary podcaster Conor Reid
You can prepare for the IELTS exam in Dublin in one of our IELTS preparation courses.
Below are sample charts to practise writing a report for IELTS writing task 1 (the academic paper). This collection represents the main types of charts that you can be given in writing task 1 (bar chart, line graph, table, pie charts, diagram, map and multiple types).
Practice charts are useful to develop skills and review a range of possible charts. However, always make sure you also practice full writing tasks from official IELTS books.
Sample Tasks for IELTS Writing Task 1
You must write a report of over 150 words
You have 20 mins for this task
Sample Bar Charts
The bar chart below shows the estimated percentage of car trips taken by drivers in 2005.
More IELTS Bar Charts
Bar Chart 1
The bar chart below shows the participation of children in selected leisure activities in Australia.
Bar Chart 2
The chart below shows the annual water usage by different industries
Bar Chart 3
The chart below shows the changes in average house price in five cities between 1990 and 2000 compared to prices in 1989.
Bar Chart 4
The chart below shows the estimated sales of jeans in the coming year in Turkey.
Bar Chart 5
The chart below shows the global sales of different kinds of digital games from 2000 to 2006.
Bar Chart 6
The bar chart shows the oil production of 6 countries between 1990 and 2010.
Sample Line Graphs
The graph below shows the population figures for different type of turtles in India from 1980 to 2012.
More IELTS Line Graphs
The graph below shows the amount of goods transported in the UK from 1974 to 2002.
The line graph below shows the consumption of 4 kinds of meat in a European country from 1979 to 2004.
The graph below shows the number of car thefts in 4 countries from 1990 to 1999.
The table below shows the proportion of income spent on 4 common items in the UK in 1998.
More IELTS Tables
The table below shows the proportion of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999.
The table below gives information about the underground railway systems in 6 countries.
The table below shows consumer spending on different items in 5 countries in 2002.
The table below gives information about the employment sectors in which people from 3 age groups worked.
Sample Pie Charts
The pie charts below show the average household expenditures in a county in 1950 and 2010.
More IELTS Pie Charts
The pie charts below show the cultural and leisure activities of boys and girls.
The charts below show the percentage of students joining North West University.
The charts below give information about the electricity generation in two countries in 2009.
The pie charts below show the spending of a school in the UK from 1981 to 2001.
The diagram below shows how the water cycle works.
More IELTS Diagrams
The diagram shows the process of making coffee.
The diagram below shows how water is filtered.
The diagrams below show the house designs for cold and warm climates.
The diagram shows how bricks are made.
Sample Tasks for Multiple Types
Model Line Graph Report: Band 9, click here
Model Pie Chart Report: Band 9, click here
Model Bar Chart Report: Band 9, click here
IELTS Video Lesson for Writing Task 1: Structure and Paragraphs, click here
IELTS Video Lesson: Answer Sheet for Writing Task 1, click here