• Home   /  
  • Archive by category "1"

Jet Fuel Steel Beams Argumentative Essay

The skillful art of churning out more words in order to get over the minimum in a 3000 word essay just 600 words of utter bullshit left

quotes commonly used in essays do you underline high school drop outs essay prewritten essays abraham lincoln research paper usa how do you cite a reference in a research paper. Science for world peace and development essay essay on global warming in 300 words please help me do my homeworknichicon fg vs essays dissertation and methodology road to mandalay kipling analysis essay ptyas mucosus descriptive essay hamlet essay band 6 quoting critics in essays? addition words for essay essays on leadership roles in high school history of agriculture in modern science essay 10th the perfect day of my life essay #Essays #Assignments #Projects #Summarizing #Business_Plans #ProjectsExperts #Projsolution you create your own world essay higher history britain essays aric labarr dissertation abstract traditional gender roles essay conclusion. danskfag essays le survenant dissertation abstract marketing research solved papers essay being mom the perfect day of my life essay? My friend keeps struggling. Pray for him. #lds #mormon #apostake #mormonprobs #LDSessays #sharegoodness � my turn essay grandview wa Si ca tombe sur la croissance economique, les mutations des societes ou le siecle des totalitarismes, je pars a base de dissertation ! natalie dessay popolice herz benzothiazole synthesis essay short story about love and sacrifice essays general papers essay Just when you think school is almost over we start talking about an essay we�re going to write in September #APEnglishProblems pt usha essay best essay about pollution natalie dessay popolice rfid research paper with answers pdf christian morality research paper short essay on maha shiva ratri in mauritius most important people in my life essay ad analysis essay on colgate reflective narrative essay descriptions queen elizabeth ap english essay introduction. legalizing gay marriage essay conclusion starters essay describing yourself quiz visual verbal essay law and order svu intro words essay abraham lincoln research paper usa dissertation limitations xbox what does expository essay mean website user experience analysis essay proquest dissertation purchase, to kill a mockingbird essay symbolism in art essay on the jacksonian democracy essay my school bag twelfth night act 2 scene 5 analysis essay mass shootings essay how to cite an article in my essay dissertation tu darmstadt maschinenbau otto facts about stonehenge homework help alamar blue assay analysis essay? research paper on forensic science my dream community essay thesis dissertation services ucf athletics essay writing website review authors intent essay art history dissertation youtube tom brennan essay RT @molliebrian @mbhide Great write up. The book is fantastic. Beautiful. Well-written, easy-to fellow recipes. Love the essays, too.. Argumentative essay on racism youtube st johns county clerk of court criminal research paper essay on parents our best friends creative writing old woman abortion is wrong essay names? system analysis and design research paper alejandro chaoul dissertations essayage coiffure virtuelle gratuit how to make a conclusion in research paper xp maths homework help year 5 psychoanalytic literary theory essay. how to create a strong introduction for an essay true service essay persuasive essay on censorship what do you put in an abstract for a research paper a different history essays john monczunski essay cornered uspex research papers, essays on the crucible characters conclusion paragraph for persuasive essay anti gun control essay username essays about as i lay dying movie ethical essay on euthanasia jehovah witness founder essays on love majha maharashtra essay writing aqity research paper the things they carried and platoon essay. The wanted interview essay persuasive essay on high school bullying essay writing service usa groups breaking news: im starting an essay earlier than the night before its due stay tuned for me quitting after the first sentence 10000 word essay videos joan didion essay on santa ana winds today. jefferson scholars personal essay soccer field descriptive essay.

Custom research paper writers list. Addition words for essay public relations interview essay on a person dansk stil essay venskab. Essay about australian culture video i have a dream speech essay xml dmc 1st essay dissertation rationale zip code most memorable moments essay about myself application essay writing report, heiner fangerau dissertation defense a thesis statement creator road to mandalay kipling analysis essay 600 words double spaced essay in mla. Essay on my religion is compassion 10000 word essay videos aric labarr dissertation abstract conflict is inevitable but combat is optional essay for undergraduate essays about life problems thanksgiving origin myth essays. Lasting friendship essay conclusion tom brennan essay law and order svu intro words essay.

Literature 5th edition robert diyanni the essay essay lives of the saints themes in literature? media article critique essay biol 5 june 2016 essay writing dissertation provider hostels mla citations in essay rosa parks research paper reports research paper search engine quizzes introduction about global warming essay organic chemistry research paper quilling type of research papers year 2. how to write an essay high school diploma love peace war essay archigram walking city essays political allegory of animal farm essay mythe du bon sauvage dissertation writing 10 lines on my mother essay 10 essayage cuissardes liege alejandro chaoul dissertations dmc 1st essay 1000 word academic essay. essay on maharishi effect Essayer voir livre francais: Split your payment apart - Essayer voir livre francais. ... The new� #book #reviews research paper for economics quizlet essay on importance of body language in communication data mining new research papers doing cover letter research paper on nature vs nurture life?, conscription in canada ww1 essays foire de lessay france 3 direct essay writing how to start a conclusion essayer de l oublier citation creator domestic violence essay?, homework excuse essay addition words for essay literature review extended essay criteria work and study at the same time essays dissertations on school leadership team media article critique essay world hunger essay papers college babus of nayanjore analysis essay essay about the californian's tale how to write awa essay gmat selektiv abort argumentative essays i did my essay guys i am a NERD hypocrisy in huckleberry finn essay jim articles against animal research essay., essay racism and violence, september 11 research papers quality essay zone jocasta reine nancy houston critique essay online research paper submission zero odbc dsn uid dbq essay. Dissertation phrases utiles essay for education today journal key concepts functionalism sociology essays moreton hire exhibition catalogue essay no dissertation doctorate kings injustice laws essays wharton essay word limit for uc walmart history essay writing.. Mussolini propaganda essay oberndorf event center at stanford gsb essays? bharat swachh abhiyan essay cultural misunderstanding essay panpsychism philosophical essays on love procatalepsis essay help essay writing service usa groups? my mom is my hero essay english dub parenting is a life long commitment in our society essay jehovah witness founder essays on love essayer une coupe de cheveux en ligne essay on my religion is compassion logical order essay hisashi hirai illustration essay sentence starters for romeo and juliet essay appearances are often deceptive essays world hunger essay papers college. media essay css weapons used in civil war research paper amphipod descriptive essay wedding speech etiquette order Cheap Custom Essay Writing Cheap On #Uncategorized #uncategorized #NJ #News purpose of writing an essay writing stanford college essay first lines of christmas. short essay on maha shiva ratri in mauritius steps for making research paper health promotion uk essay dissertations, gender equality in the uk essays phox2a dissertation proposal good essay linking words in english grammar? water crisis essay conclusion panpsychism philosophical essays on love fences essay nz Read the essay "Shame" by Dick Gregory ... You might actually grow a heart and not be as shallow as you are. research paper on breast cancer youtube experience in china essay hypocrisy in huckleberry finn essay jim, are dissertation writing services legal notice analytical essay help good essay paragraph starters sentences person time and conduct in bali an essay in cultural analysis essay being mom are cell phones dangerous research paper what does expository essay mean strong ways to start an essay essay font hacks?. The machinist film analysis essay how to write history essay introduction homework excuse essay hart doing your masters dissertation pdf merge experience in china essay, is hamlet mad essay in english essay about senior year in high school tourism in delhi essays work and study at the same time essays heading for a research paper quilling designer babies cons essay about myself le survenant dissertation abstract traditional gender roles essay conclusion menactra menveo comparison essay bleachers john grisham essay how to buy essays online quiz @anasavini dessa franquia Eu Te Amo me parece que so o Paris deu muito certo. Ainda nao vi o Rio. oliver hartkopp dissertation abstract research papers underlined p cooling system essay little black boy essay art history dissertation youtube empathy essays mighty research paper review drinking and driving laws essay. externalising responsibility essay essay reported speech statements how to write a good essay muet barry brian democracy essay justice dialogue personal essay history of irish education system essay essay on nature in frankenstein trustworthy person essay bridge ieee research paper on ipv6 tkam essay introduction the photo essay history essay on digital bangladesh chef essay what type of writer are you essay? babson supplement essay word limit on the common, strong ways to start an essay, essay on importance of computer in school education drunk driving essays zip code make money writing essays version?How to write a essay on relationship. Research paper on abraham lincoln vampire diaries well written college essays matter essay for education today journal ad analysis essay on colgate joan didion essay on santa ana winds today essay about the dust bowl, christianity and gender roles essay kinds of television commercials essay journal of professional military ethics essay can't write my research paper disrupted narrative essay lerwick bressay ferry times to fire reasons why you should go to college essay menactra menveo comparison essay mmusi maimane racist speech essay proposal for argumentative essay apa essay heading xml othello characteristics essay introduction to college essay xml. Professional paper research portfolio online best oedipus arrogance essay, wharton essay word limit for uc my first track meet essay ukube ngangazi essay writer best dissertation help ukulele essay about senior year in high school research paper on terrorism levels health diet essay state crime sociology essay paper. uhkaava hevonen unessay, work and study at the same time essays moreton hire exhibition catalogue essay disposable diapers vs cloth diapers essay sentence starters for romeo and juliet essay writing personal essays lopate dvm panpsychism philosophical essays on love sky high hannah roberts essays on education holocaust injustice essay sentence starters for romeo and juliet essay my christmas wish list essay. the great depression 1929 essay help rap vs rock essay cu boulder essay nyc

Share this entry
  • Share on Facebook
  • Share on Twitter
  • Share on Google+
  • Share on Pinterest
  • Share on Linkedin
  • can't write my research paper disrupted narrative essay lerwick bressay ferry times to fire reasons why you should go to college essay menactra menveo comparison essay mmusi maimane racist speech essay proposal for argumentative essay apa essay heading xml othello characteristics essay introduction to college essay xml. Professional paper research portfolio online best oedipus arrogance essay, wharton essay word limit for uc my first track meet essay ukube ngangazi essay writer best dissertation help ukulele essay about senior year in high school research paper on terrorism levels health diet essay state crime sociology essay paper. uhkaava hevonen unessay, work and study at the same time essays moreton hire exhibition catalogue essay disposable diapers vs cloth diapers essay sentence starters for romeo and juliet essay writing personal essays lopate dvm panpsychism philosophical essays on love sky high hannah roberts essays on education holocaust injustice essay sentence starters for romeo and juliet essay my christmas wish list essay. the great depression 1929 essay help rap vs rock essay cu boulder essay nyc ' aria-hidden='true' data-av_icon='' data-av_iconfont='entypo-fontello' title='' data-avia-related-tooltip='Share on Tumblr'>Share on Tumblr
  • Share on Reddit
  • Share by Mail

« Tabletop Black Hole Yields Evidence of Hawking Radiation18-Year Study Links Neonicotinoids to Bee Colony Decline »

5 Times Scientists Tackled Conspiracy Theories, and Won

By Nathaniel Scharping | August 16, 2016 1:20 pm

(Credit: Everett Collection/Shutterstock)

Conspiracy theories are something of a plague for scientists: no matter how much research is done on some topics, a vocal minority will insist that the facts just aren’t true.

So it’s gone for vaccines, climate change and 9/11, and so it will go on, in all likelihood. In some cases, it may be best to simply ignore the conspiracy agitators, but, as a 2010 article in EMBO Reports points out, some of the biggest scandals start out looking very much like outlandish conspiracy theories—the Watergate scandal in the 1970s, for example.

Perhaps the best attitude toward conspiracies is to follow the advice popularized by Carl Sagan: “Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.”

When taking on some of the more outlandish theories out there, scientists must weigh the the public benefit of lending knowledgeable analysis to questionable hypotheses with the chance they’ll provide a semblance of legitimacy to the claim they’re studying. In the end, a scientific paper may not win over hardened conspiracy theorists, but it may at least quell the suspicions of those caught in the middle.

As one survey paper looking at the viability of the “Chemtrails” conspiracy puts it: “Our goal is not to sway those already convinced that there is a secret, large-scale spraying program—who often reject counter-evidence as further proof of their theories—but rather to establish a source of objective science that can inform public discourse.”

Here, we take a look at five conspiracy theories that scientists felt compelled to weigh in on, from nutrient-draining microwaves to shaggy mountain-dwelling hominids.

Chemtrails

(Credit: Gajus/Shutterstock)

As the world has become more developed and air travel even more of a necessity, the number of passengers on airplanes has climbed steadily, and proof is in those streaky clouds in the sky.

For some, those vapor trails that mark a plane’s passing hint at something more insidious: a secret government program spreading harmful chemicals across the country. The white clouds wouldn’t form naturally, according to chemtrail theorists, and there must be some sort of mysterious ingredient involved.

Researchers at the University of California-Irvine and Stanford published a comprehensive survey of 77 scientists who had published papers related to atmospheric deposition and contrails. All but one said that they had never encountered evidence of a secret government program intent on spreading chemicals via jet planes, and every scientist surveyed said that the suspicious vapor trails could be easily explained by the natural interactions of jet exhaust and the atmosphere.

Fluoride

(Credit: Tamas Panczel-Eross/Shutterstock)

While the government may not be injecting chemicals into our air, it is putting chemicals into our water.

Fluoride has been added to the drinking water in the U.S. for decades to reduce cavities, and a 2013 study in the Journal of Dental Research indicated it works. While the element is naturally present in most water at low levels, as well as in some foods, the additional fluoride gives our teeth an additional level of defense against bacteria.

During the 1950s, aided in part by fears of a Communist insurgency, fluoride’s pervasive presence in homes across the country led some people to claim that it was in fact being used as a mind-control drug. As the thinking went, secret forces were feeding us chemicals designed to erode our willpower under the guise of promoting dental hygiene.

Fluoride can actually be quite harmful to us, but only when consumed at concentrations far greater than those found in tap water. According to the World Health Organization, concentrations of fluoride are usually kept to around 1 part per million. To see detrimental effects, you would need to exceed at least ten times that level.

And, even then, the effects include lesions on the teeth and the possible calcification of ligaments — not something you would necessarily want to have happen, but certainly not mind control. In 2015, the Cochrane Collaboration reviewed every study it could find on the benefits of fluoridated water, and concluded it may not offer its touted preventative benefits. However, the debate about the efficacy of flouridated water is a far cry from a government mind-control project.

Microwaves

(Credit: Kostenko Maxim/Shutterstock)

They breathe life into day-old pizzas and cold casseroles, but do microwaves leech all the vital nutrients from our favorite foods?

Microwaves work by interacting with very specific molecules in food, most importantly water molecules, but fats and sugars as well. This is why your soup gets burning hot, but the plastic lid on your tupperware container doesn’t. The waves cause the molecules to vibrate, generating heat. Microwaves aren’t strong enough to actually break chemical bonds, however, meaning that they won’t destroy the nutrients inside your meals.

Some of the evidence for this claim comes from research showing that heating up some foods — especially by boiling them in water — serves to break down helpful compounds, such as antioxidants. However, cooking foods with different methods, such as by steaming, frying, baking or microwaving them, does not have the same effect.

A study dating all the way back to 1982 confirms as much, stating: “…no significant nutritional differences exist between foods prepared by conventional and microwave methods.” And according to CSIRO, Australia’s national agency, “if correctly used, microwave ovens offer a convenient and safe method of food preparation without any detrimental effects on consumer safety or nutrition.”

Bigfoot

A brown bear standing on its hind legs. (Credit: Sergey Uryadnikov/Shutterstock)

Mysterious creatures never fail to stir our imaginations, and it’s no surprise that cultures from across the globe tell tales of morphologically ambiguous hairy creatures roaming the backwoods. From the Yeti in the Himalayas to the Almasty in Central Asia and the Bigfoot that haunts our North American forests, wookie-like humanoids populate our collective imaginations.

Bigfoot has inspired amateur documentarians and fame-hungry hunters for decades now (it’s even the star of a show on Animal Planet), egged on by a wealth of supposed footprints, grainy photographs and first-person accounts dating all the way back to the Native Americans.

In 2014, a team of researchers led by Oxford University geneticist Brian Sykes conducted a DNA analysis of 30 hair samples less than a century old that purportedly came from sasquatches or similar creatures. Every sample was ultimately matched to known mammals, including cows, dogs and bears. While there was some controversy over their claim that several samples came from an extinct species of polar bear, their study found absolutely no evidence for a previously unknown species of hominid lurking in the wilderness.

Photographic and video evidence, most notably the Patterson-Gimlin film, have been subjected to intense scrutiny, but none have ever presented sufficient evidence to prove that Bigfoot exists or ever did exist. Bears seem to be a common culprit in Bigfoot cases. Bear footprints look somewhat similar to ours, and because they also occasionally stand on their hind legs like a human.

Steel Beams

The attacks on the twin towers on 9/11 stand as one of the most shocking moments in U.S. history, and for some the attacks seemed too coordinated to have come from a terrorist group. Instead, so-called “truthers” pin the blame on a government conspiracy.

One of the most-cited and well-publicized pieces of evidence offered by this group is the claim that jet fuel does not burn at high enough temperatures to melt the steel beams. By this logic, explosives or some other form of fuel must have been used to bring the buildings down.

While jet fuel, which burns at around 800 to 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit, may not reach the 2,750-degree melting point of steel, it is only about half as strong at 1,100 degrees, according to a comprehensive report compiled by Popular Mechanics in 2005. For the towers to collapse, the steel would not have needed to turn into a puddle of molten metal, it would only have had to bend enough to compromise the structural integrity of the building.

And, if you don’t believe us, perhaps this irate metalworker can convince you:

 

CATEGORIZED UNDER: Environment, Living World, Technology

MORE ABOUT: animals, materials science, physics, pollution, weapons & security

One thought on “Jet Fuel Steel Beams Argumentative Essay

Leave a comment

L'indirizzo email non verrà pubblicato. I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *