The Horrors of War
Essay No. 01
With the development of science a d technology, the modern man is facing a great threat of an impending war everywhere. All the states are spending enormously for war preparedness to make them capable of facing a challenge of war. There is a continuous effort going on in all the countries to obtain the most sophisticated weapons of warfare including the deadly missiles capable to be directed at a target at a distance of hundreds of kilometers, carrying most deadly bombs to make devastations beyond measure. Not to speak of the nuclear warheads, which many countries boast of having added to their weaponries, have put the humanity at the brink of devastation. On one hand the world is making rapid strides in its development in all the fields of technology making man more and more comfortable and aware but on the other the horrors of war the increasing at an incredible speed. But this also does not guarantee any peace. No doubt, humanity has been able to avoid a world war after the two world wars created havoc worldwide but still the common man has suffered the impact of wars every time and we do not imagine a future without war. World War II, were supposed to be fought to end wars for all times. But if any armed clash could end wars for all times, there would have been no conflicts after the initial ones fought thousands of years ago. The harsh reality is that each war has become more ferocious and m0re destructive than the previous one. The causes of international strife’s are many. One of the causes in the olden days was religion. The religious fanatics fought wars to prove their upper hand as they thought that the principles and thoughts for which they fought would from then onwards be universally accepted. It is also said that the wars fought for propagation of religion and issues related to it have caused bloodshed far more than any other reason. Although the issues concerning religion have now receded to the background but still they have an impact on many issue which cause wars. India has suffered three wars with Pakistan since its partition on the basis of religion. The terror sponsored and activated by Pakistan in Kashmir on the basis of religion is gaining momentum day by day and the border between the two construes is always hot causing damage to many lives. Both the countries are spending millions on their masses of developmental process. The other vital cause for their military hardware which they are manufacturing in their factories and if there is peace and issues between nations are settled for good, they will have to close their production of sophisticated arms and their supremacy over the world will be no more which they will never like.
The ambitious politicians and war mongers in certain countries try to engage their people in strife with some neighboring country on the pretext of settling a non-issue. By doing so they succeed to continue in power wit bout solving or looking into the problems faced by the people of their country. Their economies continue to be in shambles and their people continue to suffer extreme poverty but the witty administrators continue exploiting the emotions of the people and deprive them of their moral right to advancement. Lots of people are sacrificed on the borders or inside their territories and properties worth millions is dashed to the ground.
The lesson of history is that, instead of settling anything, wars create more problems and generate greater hatred between nations. At best, a war may decide one issue, which party or participant is militarily stronger and capable of causing more destruction that ever. Thus the causes of war are many and varied, some major, some minor, but each time the destruction of life and property a war causes, is colossal; it is all the price of human foolishness, insanity or fulfillment or certain selfish motives or the price of the blood of lots of innocent lives.
Another obnoxious face of modern warfare is terrorism. It is a secret war fare which can target the strongest of the strong and cause damages beyond control of anyone. The terrorist’s strike in the heart of cities causing causalities on innocent people and damaging property. The recent terrorist blitz on United States on September 11, 2001 will remain fresh forever in the minds of people. The only superpower in the world was caught off guard, totally defenseless against the well planned, well coordinated and most massive suicide terrorist attack ever as two high jacked planes one after another guided by terrorists slammed into the prestigious twin towers of the World Trade Centre in the heart of New York City. The horrors of war have expanded its wings everywhere. In olden days the ground wars were fought on borders and it was exclusively a matter to be dealt with by the military forces on the border. The civilians suffered no direct impact except certain restrictions imposed and the indirect after effects of the damages of war. The threat of nuclear and chemical warfare is already looming large on the world a nuclear war may mean global destruction. Who knows when a war monger will turn his head and commence this wholesale destruction as there will be nobody to stop in them, as counter attacks are bound to take place? The preparations are enormous and more is lagging behind.
Now it is, where the saner elements can work worldwide, to avoid troubles. The humanity is becoming a single entity as a result of efficient communication system as such the developments at a place are having influenced worldwide, and any effort to avoid a strife can be effective on people to people level. The common man has no scores to settle between nations. Their interests and problems are common. They can share problems of each other and help in making a conducive environment between nations. The times of expanding borders into each other territory have gone. No one is interested in digging out the old graves. Everyone likes to live peacefully at its own place and take the maximum advantages of the nature’s bounty. Live and let live should be maximum to be followed by all. There is no dispute between nations which cannot be settled on table. The advanced countries should let the weaker and developing nations grow naturally and provide them all possible help and aid. The arms race can benefit none; neither themanufacturers of those weapons, nor those who want to make a show of their improved war preparedness to harass their so called enemies. Terrorism can be curbed by exposing the secret designs of some countries for others territories and by international efforts these nations can be singled out very easily so that they stop interference in other matter and learn to live peacefully and let other also live in peace.
The world today cannot bear any war, neither between any two countries nor a global one. It will be end of everything, the dooms day, which no one would lie to befall.
Essay No. 02
Horrors of War
It is admitted on all hands that war is a terrible thing. In olden times, wars were fought with bows and arrows and clubs and spears. Then wars were not so dangerous.
Then came guns, cannon, rifles, pistols and small bombs. Then wars became more horrible. With the manufacturing of warplanes, warships, gunboats, torpedoes and missiles wars became even more destructive. There was more loss of life and property in the first and second world wars than perhaps in all human history taken together prior to that.
With the making of the atom bomb and the hydrogen bomb and innumerable other destructive explosive things including nuclear, bacteriological and chemical weapons and other weapons of mass destruction (WMD), the destructive power of the war machinery has assumed unimaginable proportions.
Now a number of countries like the USA, the UK, France Russia, China, India, Pakistan, etc. have nuclear weapons and missiles of various categories on which nuclear warheads can be mounted.
The destruction which modern wars cause is immense. Crops are destroyed. Cities are leveled. Even educational institutions and hospitals are not spared. Thousands of women become widows. Millions of children become orphans.
May God forbid, if nuclear war takes place, the whole of mankind may be wiped -off the face of the earth. So, effective steps must be taken to banish war altogether.
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The poet conveys the horrors by utilizing personification. onomatopoeias and other interesting techniques. In Sassoon’s verse form ‘Attack’ he includes: Lack of hope. loss of human individuality. forfeit of life. despair of soldiers and the disorganisation and uncomfortableness of war.
The horror of war is portrayed in the manner that the soldiers are deprived of their human individuality and are merely seen as a ‘thing’ and non persons. In the center of the verse form Sassoon uses an equivocal line that can be interpreted otherwise. The phrase is “Lines of grey” . This could be a man’s face and how it is speaking about the clay acquiring embedded in the lines on his face ; which are doing them look Grey. However. it could besides be the long line of soldiers standing ; they are non being recognized separately but more as a whole. They are described as Grey because they are covered in clay and they are evidently sad and maintaining their faces down so they can’t be seen. The following line that takes off the soldiers’ individuality is “muttering faces” . This is taking away their unity by stating that it is a big figure of people ; the soldiers aren’t being recognized. So as the soldiers are non being perceived decently it is amplifying the horror of non being ‘seen’ by the others around you. a sense that you are on your ain.
The poet describes the pitilessness of the war through the despair of soldiers and the forfeit of life. At the terminal of the verse form Sassoon says “grappling fists” this is utilizing a present participial. which is giving you a sense of immediateness ; that this is go oning now. To be coping something you are seeking to keep on in despair. but this undertaking is now unsuccessful because of the fact that they are utilizing their fists. The poet besides uses “to meet the abounding fire” this is more a forfeit of life instead than despair because the work forces have to ‘jostle’ and ‘climb’ over their trenches to acquire shooting at. It is besides personification because a gun or slugs can non ‘bristle’ . They can non acquire angry or annoyed at the soldiers. The despair and forfeit of the soldiers are besides stressing the horrors of war.
Sassoon is demoing the horror of war by stating that there is no hope. At the terminal of ‘Attack’ hope is being personified into something that is similar to the soldiers themselves. Sassoon is stating that hope has “furtive eyes” which suggests that hope is seeking fell and that it doesn’t desire to be destroyed. Siegfried besides says that hope “flounders in mud” which is stating that hope is incapacitated because it can non travel decently ; hope is despairing. The really first portion of the verse form includes “dawn” which in a sense is the mark of hope. but in this instance. morning is something the soldiers all dread ; there is no hope. even in morning. Because there isn’t even hope in morning and that hope is despairing it elaborates the ferociousness of the war.
Siegfried has displayed the inhumaneness of war through disorganisation and uncomfortableness of the war and the soldiers. Sassoon says “Then. clumsily bowed with bombs and guns and shovels and battle-gear” this is being really realistic as he is showing the soldiers as existent people. He is demoing that they can be gawky and that they have to transport excessively much material as good. which is decidedly a uncomfortableness to the soldiers. The poet besides says: “Men jostling and climb” which is disorganized and unplanned. As a consequence of this the war is being presented as something that is unorganised and messy. which is a horror because so many soldiers can decease because something wasn’t planned decently.
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