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Abstract Research Paper Homelessness In America

1. Bassuk EL, Murphy C, Coupe NT, Kenney RR, Beach CA. America’s youngest outcasts 2010: state report card on child homelessness. The National Center on Family Homelessness. 2011 Available at: http://www.homelesschildrenamerica.org/media/NCFH_AmericaOutcast2010_web.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

2. Feldmann J, Middleman AB. Homeless adolescents: common clinical concerns. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis. 2003;14(1):6–11.[PubMed]

3. Perl L. Veterans and homelessness. 2013 Available at: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL34024.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

4. Corcoran ME, Chaudry A. The dynamics of childhood poverty. Future Child. 1997;7(2):40–54.[PubMed]

5. Grant R, Gracy D, Redlener I. Still in peril: the continuing impact of poverty and policy on America’s most vulnerable children. A Children’s Health Fund White Paper. 2012 Available at: http://www.childrenshealthfund.org/sites/default/files/still_in_peril_100212.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

6. National Center for Children in Poverty. Columbia University. Five Million Children: A Statistical Profile of Our Poorest Young Citizens. Report Summary. New York, NY: Columbia University; 1990.

7. Kozol J. Rachel and Her Children: Homeless Families in America. New York, NY: Fawcett Columbine; 1989.

8. Hopper K. The new urban niche of homelessness: New York City in the late 1980s. Bull N Y Acad Med. 1990;66(5):435–450.[PMC free article][PubMed]

9. McChesney KY. New findings on homeless families. Family Professional. 1986;1(2):1–10.

10. Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development, United States House of Representatives First Session on HR 558, Urgent Relief for the Homeless Act. Serial No. 100-3:306-310. February 4, 1987. (statement of RL Flynn, chairman, The US Conference of Mayors Task Force on Hunger and Homelessness)

11. Washington DC: US House of Representatives; 1993. Speaker’s Task Force on Homelessness. Report to the Speaker [Tom Foley]. Findings and Recommendations. December 1993.

12. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General. Emergency shelters for homeless families. 1992. Available at: https://oig.hhs.gov/oei/reports/oei-07-91-00400.pdf. Accessed June 12, 2013.

13. Ringwalt CL, Greene JM, Robertson M, McPheeters M. The prevalence of homelessness among adolescents in the United States. Am J Public Health. 1998;88(9):1325–1329.[PMC free article][PubMed]

14. Yates GL, MacKenzie R, Pennbridge J, Cohen E. A risk profile of runaway and non-runaway youth. Am J Public Health. 1988;78(7):820–821.[PMC free article][PubMed]

15. Farrow JA, Deisher RW, Brown R, Kulig JW, Kipke MD. Health and health needs of homeless and runaway youth. A position paper of the Society of Adolescent Medicine. J Adolesc Health. 1992;13(8):717–726.[PubMed]

16. US Government Accountability Office. Disconnected youth: Federal action could address some of the challenges faced by local programs that reconnect youth to education and employment. February, 2008. GAO-08-313. Available at: http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-08-313. Accessed May 30, 2013.

17. National Alliance to End Homelessness. The state of homelessness in America 2013. April 2013. Homeless Research Institute. Available at: http://b.3cdn.net/naeh/bb34a7e4cd84ee985c_3vm6r7cjh.pdf. Accessed September 25, 2013.

18. Jones AF, Jr, Weinberg DH. The changing shape of the nation’s income distribution: consumer income 1947-1998. 2000. Current Population Reports P60-204. Available at: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/p60-204.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

19. Stone C, Trisi D, Sherman A. A guide to statistics on historical trends in income inequality. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. 2012. Available at: http://www.cbpp.org/files/11-28-11pov.pdf. Accessed May 31, 2013.

20. McNichol E, Hall D, Cooper D, Palacios V. Pulling apart: A state-by-state analysis of income trends. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and Economic Policy Institute. 2012. Available at: http://www.cbpp.org/files/11-15-12sfp.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

21. Woolf SH. Public health implications of government spending reductions. JAMA. 2011;305(18):1902–1903.[PubMed]

22. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE). Information on poverty and income statistics: A summary of 2012 current population survey data. 2012. Available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/12/povertyandincomeest/ib.pdf. Accessed June 25, 2013.

23. National Low Income Housing Coalition. Out of reach 2012. America’s forgotten housing crisis. 2012. Available at: http://nlihc.org/sites/default/files/oor/2012-OOR.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

24. Bach V, Waters T. Making the rent: before and after the recession. Rent-income pressures on New York City tenants, 2005 to 2011. Community Service Society. 2012. Available at: http://b.3cdn.net/nycss/2ad98a52b2cf4d9889_j0m6i6jhq.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

25. Koebel CT, Murray MS. Extended families and their housing in the US. Housing Stud. 1999;14(2):125–143.

26. Lazere EB, Leonard PA, Dolbeare CN, Ziga B. A Place to Call Home: The Low Income Housing Crisis Continues. Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and Low Income Housing Information Service; 1991.

27. Bassuk EL, Rosenberg L. Why does family homelessness occur? A case-control study. Am J Public Health. 1988;78(7):783–788.[PMC free article][PubMed]

28. Weinreb LF, Buckner JC, Williams V, Nicholson J. A comparison of the health and mental health status of homeless mothers in Worcester, Mass: 1993 and 2003. Am J Public Health. 2006;96(8):1444–1448.[PMC free article][PubMed]

29. Bassuk EL, Rubin L, Lauriat AS. Characteristics of sheltered homeless families. Am J Public Health. 1986;76(9):1097–1101.[PMC free article][PubMed]

30. Suglia SF, Duarte CS, Sandel MT. Housing quality, housing instability, and maternal mental health. J Urban Health. 2011;88(6):1105–1116.[PMC free article][PubMed]

31. Baker CK, Cook SH, Norris FH. Domestic violence and housing problem: a contextual analysis of women’s help-seeking, received internal support, and formal system response. Violence Against Women. 2003;9(7):754–783.

32. Hofferth SL. Child care in the United States today. Future Child. 1996;6(2):41–61.[PubMed]

33. National Association of Child Care Resource & Referral Agencies. Quality infant toddler child care matters. 2012. Available at: http://www.naccrra.org/sites/default/files/default_site_pages/2012/ccgb_quality_infants_toddlers_jan2012.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

34. Burt MR. What will it take to end homelessness? Urban Institute. 2001. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/end_homelessness.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

35. Grant R, Shapiro A, Joseph J, Goldsmith S, Rigual-Lynch L, Redlener I. The health of homeless children revisited. Adv Pediatr. 2007;54(1):173–187.[PubMed]

36. Rossi PH, Wright JD. The determinants of homelessness. Health Aff (Millwood) 1987;6(1):19–32.[PubMed]

37. United States General Accounting Office (GAO). Children and youths: about 68,000 homeless and 186,000 in shared housing at any given time. GAO/PEMD-89-14. Report to Congressional Committees, Senator Edward M. Kennedy and Congressman Augustus F. Hawkins, Chairmen. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office; 1989.

38. Altman R. Final Report. “Out in the cold” – Doubled-up families and HUD’s Public Housing Authority regulations. Abraham Gerges, Chairman, New York City Council Select Committee on the Homeless. December 29, 1989. New York, NY: New York City Council Select Committee on the Homeless; 1989.

39. US House of Representatives. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development of the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs. February 4, 1987. In: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development, United States House of Representatives First Session on HR 558, Urgent Relief for the Homeless Act Testimony of William Grinker, New York City Human Resources Administration. Serial No. 100-3:306-310. Washington DC:.US House of Representatives; 1987.

40. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. 24 CHF Parts 21, 582, and 583. Homeless emergency assistance and rapid transition to housing: Defining “homeless.” Federal Register. Vol. 76, No. 233. Monday, December 5, 2011/Rules and Regulations. Available at: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2011-12-05/pdf/2011-30942.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

41. Title 24-Housing and Urban Development, Part 91-Consolidated Submissions for Community Planning and Development Programs; 91.5; Subpart A General, Definitions. Available at: http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/about/conplan/pdf/24CFRPart91_11.21.11.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

42. US Department of Health and Human Services, Bureau of Primary Health Care. Principles of practice – A clinical resource guide for health care for the homeless. Program Assistance Letter 1999-12. Available at: http://bphc.hrsa.gov/policiesregulations/policies/pdfs/pal199912.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

43. National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington DC. The Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act. Revised Summary. Eric Document ED308264. 1989

44. North Dakota Department of Public Instruction. McKinney-Vento 2001 reauthorization – At a glance. Available at: http://www.dpi.state.nd.us/title1/homeless/act/glance.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

45. McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Reauthorized January 2002. Available at: http://www.nysteachs.org/media/inf_lp_fed_mv.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

46. Lewit EM, Baker LS. Homeless families and children. Future Child. 1996;6(2):146–158.[PubMed]

47. Metraux S, Culhane D, Raphael S et al. Assessing homeless population size through the use of emergency and transitional shelter services in1998: results from the analysis of administrative data from nine US jurisdictions. Public Health Rep. 2001;116(4):344–352.[PMC free article][PubMed]

48. Garfinkel I, Piliavin I. Trends in the size of the nation’s homeless population in the 1980s. Institute for Research on Poverty. Discussion paper no. 1034-94. Revised June 1995. Available at: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp103494.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

49. The United States Conference of Mayors. A status report on hunger and homelessness in American’s cities: 1993. A 26-City Survey. December 1993.

50. Weinreb L, Rossi PH. The American homeless family shelter “system.” Social Work Service Rev. 1995;69(1):66–107.

51. Seppy T. House panel told “It’s hard to stay together out there.” Associated Press. February 24, 1987

52. Park JM, Fertig AR, Allison PD. Physical and mental health, cognitive development and health care use by housing status of low-income young children in 20 American cities: a prospective cohort study. Am J Public Health. 2011;101(suppl 1):S255–S261.[PMC free article][PubMed]

53. CBS News and Children’s Health Fund. Children of the recession: CBS News poll. 2009. Available at: http://www.childrenshealthfund.org/sites/default/files/May09a-Children%20of%20the%20Recession.pdf. Accessed September 25, 2013.

54. Sard B. Number of homeless families climbing due to recession: recovery package should include new housing vouchers and other measures to prevent homelessness. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. 2009. Available at: http://www.cbpp.org/files/1-8-09hous.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

55. National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty. One million US students homeless, new data show. 2012. Available at: http://www.nlchp.org/view_release.cfm?PRID=148. Accessed January 18, 2013.

56. National Network to End Domestic Violence. Domestic violence counts 2010. A 24-hour census of domestic violence shelters and services. Available at: http://nnedv.org/docs/Census/DVCounts2010/DVCounts10_Report_Color.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

57. US Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Community Planning and Development. The 2012 point-in-time estimates of homelessness: volume 1 of the 2012 Annual Homeless Assessment Report. Available at: https://www.onecpd.info/resources/documents/2012AHAR_PITestimates.pdf. Accessed May 30, 2013.

58. Saul MH. New York City leads jump in homeless. Wall Street Journal. March 4, 2013. Available at: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324539404578340731809639210.html. Accessed September 25, 2013.

59. Etheredge L Reagan. Congress and health spending. Health Aff (Millwood) 1983;2(1):14–24.

60. Mundinger MO. Sounding board: health service funding cuts and the declining health of the poor. N Engl J Med. 1985;313(1):44–47.[PubMed]

61. Halfon N, Newacheck PW, Wood DL, St Peter RF. Routine emergency department use for sick care by children in the United States. Pediatrics. 1996;98(1):28–34.[PubMed]

62. Alperstein G, Rappaport C, Flanigan JM. Health problems of homeless children in New York City. Am J Public Health. 1988;78(9):1232–1233.[PMC free article]

This is a free example research paper on Homelessness:
Homelessness is a very huge problem that America has come to face. Millions of people, including children, families, babies, veterans, and the elderly live day after day without food, water or a roof over their heads. People that are mentally ill also have it tough on the streets, which can be extremely confusing to them, and dangerous to the rest of society. This problem must be solved soon, and therefore should be addressed as a major crisis that is affecting our society.

The number of homeless families with children has increased significantly over the past decade or so. They are among the fastest growing segments of the homeless population. Together they are approximately 40% of all people who are homeless. Sadly, rural areas contain the largest group of homeless families, single mothers, and children. Emotions hit home when children and babies can be pictured living in an alley with only dreams of warmth, while normal middle class citizens stroll by wearing coats and mittens without even appreciating them.

People have not always had to suffer with homelessness. Though the problem has almost always existed, it had not reached a severe level until the early 1970’s. With every war there has been a small trickle of homeless veterans to follow, but the Vietnam War and Korean War left a wave of many people without anywhere to go. This was just the start of the problem. Many homeless people lived in places called Skid Row. A place with cheap bars, entertainment, and very cheap housing in buildings called SROs, or Single Room Occupancy. Then cities started to grow, and in the mid 1970s One million SROs were replaced with parking lots, buildings and apartments. Skid Row eventually vanished. Then the government decided to decriminalize what was left to control. That means there were a great many homeless people that would normally be arrested under these conditions, still roaming the streets. Women and children started to filter in to the homeless scene, and then in a huge recession in the 1980s 11,000,000 people were laid off (9.7% of all jobs). The numbers of homeless people soared. It didn’t stop here though. President Reagan and Bush dropped public housing funds from 30 billion dollars to 6.7 billion, a net loss of 37,800 houses per year. By the beginning of the 1990s, over one million people were on waiting lists for homes.

The one category that most people assume all homeless fall into is the undeserving homeless, or “bums”. These are usually men in their 40s or 50s who sit around all day and do nothing. They don’t try and help themselves or others. They lie and cheat and honestly deserve nothing because they could never give anything if they were forced to. They make up a very small group in fact, about 4% of all homeless.

Drugs are everywhere on the streets. It is estimated that 20% of all people living on the streets use hard drugs daily. Such drugs as cocaine, heroine, and morphine plague certain areas. AIDS often spreads like wildfire among people who share un-sterilized needles, and once a person contracts the HIV virus, they become a statistic in the disabled category.

Even the people with full time jobs are in need of permanent residence. These people live on eating scraps of food from trash cans, and possible meals from shelters on occasion, but those are usually three times a week at dinner, or some other type of schedule. People who have homes rarely think, nor can comprehend what terrible things that the homeless have to go through. They live in abandoned buildings, cars, buses, boxes, on park benches and underground. They eat bits of old fruit and meat with the mold and green sludge scrapped off.

I have realized that there seem to be two main elements in saving a homeless person. The government needs to help homeless people get back on their feet. They need to make sure also that homeless people don’t abuse systems such as social security and housing. Also, the homeless need to get up on their own two feet, for themselves. Finding jobs, such as selling “Homeless Newspapers” seems to be a common first step. A vendor gets the papers for free or low cost, sells them for something like a dollar and keeps 55 cents, or a little more than half, for each sold. The homeless can then use this money to pay for food, shelter, and etcetera. Many shelters exist whose primary goal is to help the homeless get a job and home. They offer computer teachers, landscapers, welders, and other types of craft that can be used in society today. So if the government is willing to help get the homeless roused into the wanting of a better life, and they wish to follow through, then I think we could find a better, faster way to end the nation’s problem of homelessness.

We see them as a crowd, one entity; we call them the homeless, as if it identifies who they are. What most forget is that they are also people. These “people” with social disabilities or financial problems are abandoned by society and become homeless on the streets. And although many believe they don’t owe anyone help, a little generosity could go a long way on the road to lowering homeless numbers around the world.

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Mar 9, 2011

Filed under: Example Papers — Tags: economics research paper, example of research paper, homelessness research paper example, research paper on homelessness, research proposal on homelessness, sample research paper on homelessness — Joan Young @ 5:03 am

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