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Process Essay On Volleyball

Basketball and Volleyball

      Basketball and volleyball have three differences.The first difference is the courts. There is a net in middle of a volleyball court, but there is nothing blocking a basketball court. And volleyball players have to stay on their own side. But basketball players can run up and down the entire court freely.

      The second difference is the size of the ball and how hard it is. Volleyballs are made of leather. Basketballs are made of synthetic rubber and have a lot of dents all over the surface.

      The third difference is the rules. Volleyball players must not drop the ball. If they do, they will lose the point. Basketball players dribble the ball and shoot it at the hoop.

Basketball and Soccer

      What is the difference between basketball and soccer? Both are ball games and team sports, yet there are several differences between them.

      First, these two sports are different in the way they use the ball. In both sports, players dribble and shoot the ball. But basketball players dribble with their hands, while soccer players, except the goalkeeper, dribble with their feet.

      The second difference is in the number of players. A basketball team has 5 players. A soccer team, on the other hand, has eleven. Thus it is only natural that a soccer field is larger than a basketball court.

      The third difference is in the positions. Basketball has three kinds: guards, forwards, and centers. Soccer has four: a goalkeeper, defenders, midfielders, and forwards. The biggest difference is the specialization of players according to their position. Soccer players usually specialize in offense or defense, not both.

Football and Basketball

      There are a lot of sports, many of them are team sports. My favorites are football and basketball. They have both similarities and differences, two of each.The first similarity is the purpose of the competition. It is not only to win points. The purpose is to communicate with your opponents and cooperate with your teammates.

      The second similarity is the number of people who can play on a team. And one more similarity is that both games are played indoors. Only five people can play at the same time. Players need to pass the ball to their teammates to score points. So it is a little harder than outdoor sports.

      The first difference is the content of the sports. Football players shoot the ball with their feet. But basketball players shoot with their hands. It�s a big difference, but it�s an important one.

      The second difference is the goals. Football has a rectangular goal with a net, located on the floor. But the goal in basketball is high above the floor. The players shoot the ball into it. That is the second difference.

      In conclusion I have described some differences and some similarities. The differences are very natural, but also important. I assumed there are a few differences between football and basketball, so the similarities are more numerous than the differences. Which of these sports do you like? I like basketball. But the most important fact is that they are both popular.

Lacrosse and Soccer

       Lacrosse and soccer have some things in common. The number of players is the same; they are both outdoor games; and both have goals. But, the goals have different shapes.

      Lacrosse and soccer have some differences, too. Soccer players are not allowed to use their hands. Lacrosse players, on the other hand, use a stick. The size of the fields and the size of the ball are also different. Of course, the rules are also different.

Easy to understand.
Two paragraphs, one for similarities, one for differences.
Similarities are explained first, then the differences.
Many comparisons.
The examples are good.
The vocabulary is easy.
"The rules are also different" was funny. Nice joke.
The words suit author's meaning.
The sentences are short and simple.
Too abstract. It needs concrete examples.
The words or sentence patterns are repetitious.
False information--a soccer team has 11 players, but lacrosse teams have 10 (men's) or 12 (women's).
Difficult to understand, because la crosse is not a major sport.
Too vague, not enough details presented about the balls, fields, and rules.
Too wordy, could be shorter.
Some words like "both" used over and over. Too much.
Explanations are very short, too short.
The order of presentation of the similarities and differences is haphazard. No particular order.
Author needs to think more deeply. If he did, he would find more differences.
Provide concrete examples.
Rephrase some of the words.
Provide more facts about la crosse.
Explain differences between men's and women's la crosse.
Write more sentences, full of details.
Eliminate superficial comparisons such as the size of the fields and balls.
Think more deeply and add more differences, more meaningful differences.

line 2: outdoor games => outdoor sports
line 4: (the size of) the ball
line 6: are not allowed to use => mustn't use


    dribble, shoot, kick, rally, volley, spike
    block, run, jump
    must not hold, drop ball
    protective gear
    racket, bat
    use hands, feet, legs, head
    individual, team sport
    number of players
    size and shape of court or field
    open or divided
    number of positions
    offense and/or defense
    time limits
    fouls and penalties
    tie breakers
    change of player
    possession of ball
    steal, pass, catch, intercept
    change of possession
    size and shape of ball
    made of leather or rubber
    how to score points
    easy, hard
    size of goal
    high, low, vertical, horizontal
    protected or unprotected


superficialold / young
tall / short
rich / poor
handsome / ugly
50 / 20 years old
180 / 160 cm
30,000 yen / 500 yen
thick glasses / nice eyes
popular / unpopular
hardworking / lazy
studious / wild
deepactive / lazy
kind / mean
generous / greedy
happy / unhappy
sports / computer games
encourages / bullies
cheerful greetings / complains
many friends / alone
job offers / unemployed
married / divorced


la cross. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
American football..............
ping pong.........2....

Topics and items that students thought of:
How are they the same? How are they different?

t o p i c s






i t e m s

men / women
Back to the Future / True Lies
Nagori Yuki / Okuru Kotoba

Baseball / Soccer
Restaurant / Convenience Store
Japan / America

High School / University
Chimpanzees / Humans
Fruit / Cake

Pants / Skirt
The Kiss / Harry Potter
Japanese / English

McDonald's / MOS burger
Buddhism / Christianity

. . . => . . .
put into groups
. . . => . . .
the process (no koto)

An easy way to think about ''classification'' is to think about a school putting students into classes (groups of students). There are many students, but only a few classes (maybe 3-5). As you know from your many years of experience as students,

    (1) all students must be put in a class and
    (2) no student should be put in two classes (no overlapping).

You might also imagine that when schools divide students into classes they like to avoid unbalanced classes sizes, particularly classes of only one or two students. If possible, they would move such students into one of the other classes.

A Classification Essay is a piece of writing that presents a way of dividing things (items rather than students) into classes. These things might be

    physical items: musical instruments, alcoholic drinks, or countries;
    things that are not physical: power, ways of studying, emotions; OR
    a combination of both--desires (things that people want).

The first two steps in writing a Classification Essay are to figure out (1) the topic--what kind of items to divide up and (2) how to divide the items.

In-class speed writing assignment

There are many examples (=items, like ''students'') of _________________ (=topic) ,
but only a few kinds (=classes).

Fill-in the blank. Then continue writing.

When deciding the topic and how to divide the items, you should keep in mind the last step--figuring out (3) what to write in your essay. It is best if you have based the division of items on a single principle, one which is

    (a) original, (b) useful, and/or (c) intellectually interesting.

Let's take countries as an example topic. There are about 200 countries. How could we divide them? by their first letters from A to Z. But ... such a division would be completely arbitrary. The classes would tell us nothing about the countries--nothing original, useful, or interesting--so there is nothing to write about.

We could divide them by location in the northern or southern hemispheres. That's a little more interesting, but still too obvious, almost trivial. Although we could point out that their seasons are reversed and try to explain how the classification would work for countries that are in both hemispheres, that would not be enough to make an essay interesting.

How about dividing countries by their political systems. That's much more complex. We have to think more deeply about each country. It's a little bit troublesome, perhaps, but much, much more interesting . And we'll have a much better essay when we're finished.


c a t e g o r i e s
i t e m s

Only after deciding the topic and how to divide the items are we ready to start writing. It would be nice to start off with an Introduction--a short paragraph that will introduce the topic and inform the readers how many classes we are going to divide the items into.

The bulk of the essay then will explain the principle we are using to divide the items. Usually there will be at least one paragraph (with at least 3 sentences in each) for each of the classes. Remember we are explaining the division of items--its complexity--the connections and, perhaps, interaction between the classes. This is NOT a personal essay. You should leave out all personal material and also any irrelevent details about the items themselves--details that have nothing to do with the division of items into classes.

Finally we'll want to end the essay smoothly by putting some final remarks into a short paragraph--a Conclusion.

How to Play Volleyball
Skills, Positions, Rules, and Strategy

When first learning how to play volleyball, you need to understand the object of the game. The object of the game is to beat your opponents to a predetermined number of points.

In the old days, volleyball was played to 15 points and a point is scored only when the serving team wins the rally.

Today, rally scoring is primarily used which means a point is scored as a result of each play. Most volleyball games today are rally scoring and played to 25 points.

To win the game, you must score more points than your opponent and be leading by at least 2.

Winning the Rally

When first learning how to play volleyball, it's important to understand how to score points.

To score a point in volleyball, a team must win a rally. A rally is begun by a server serving the ball into play. The ball is served over the net to the opposing team.

The opponent then gets a maximum of three hits to return the ball back over the net.

A team wins a rally if…

  • there opponent isn'’t able to successfully return the ball

  • a player hits the ball down into their opponents court

  • a player hits the ball out of bounds

  • the team hits the ball off an opposing player

  • a player commits a fault when playing the ball

Basic Rules

Indoor volleyball is played with two 6 player teams. Each team has 3 front row players and 3 back row players. The front row players mainly hit and block. The back row players mainly pass and dig.

The teams are separated by a net over which the ball must cross.

In the men’s game, the net is positioned to 2.43 meters high.

In the women’s game, the net is positioned to 2.24 meters high.

Basic Skills

There are some basic volleyball skills and court positions that you must know before you start playing volleyball.

The skills listed here are just basic.

The basic skills for playing volleyball are serving, passing, setting, attacking, blocking and digging.

The serve is what begins the game.

Passing the ball is the skill that’s performed by the player receiving the ball.

Setting is the action of playing the ball to a teammate. Setting is usually done in an overhead motion using the hands. Players that have a hard time getting in good position to hand set may elect to set using a forearm passing motion. This is called bump setting.

Attacking or spiking is the action of sending the ball over the net to the opponent's court. Attacks are usually done by taking steps to approach the net to jump and hit the ball. The volleyball approach and hit is often thought of as the most fun skill in volleyball.

A block is the action of trying to prevent the ball from crossing the net into your court.

Digging is the action of playing the ball in a way that prevents the ball from touching the court after an attack by the opponents.

To get good at these volleyball skills require improving physical proficiency and hand-arm-and-eye coordination. Being able to effectively communicate with your teammates and having an understanding of how to play volleyball will highly influence how well you perform these skills.

The Players

On a very basic level, players on the team can be divided into 2 types.

  1. Front row players (attack/blocker)
    The front row players responsibility is attacking the ball when the setter sets them. Also, front row players try to block the ball coming from the opponent.

  2. Back row players (passer/digger)
    The back row players main responsibility is to pass the ball that comes from the opponent. Back row players are the main passers on the team when receiving the opponents serve. Back row players also dig balls hit by opposing team spikers.

The Positions

Here are some basic volleyball positions you should become familiar with when learning how to play volleyball.

  • Setter
    A setters main job is to set spikers. This is done by waiting for a teammate to pass the ball to them.

  • Spiker
    A spiker (attacker) is a player that attacks a ball over the net. The spiker is a front row player and their main job is to spike balls at the net.

  • Passer
    A passer is player that passes the ball up to the setter. The better a passer is able to pass, the easier it is for the setter to set which results in a better attack by the spiker.

  • Digger
    A digger is a defensive player that passes the ball up to the setter. The digger is skilled at digging hard driven spikes and chasing down off-speed shots by the opponent.

  • Server
    The server is the player on the team that puts the ball into play to start the rally. The players that undstand how to play volleyball the best are often the best servers on the team.

32 Serve Receive/Defense Drills

32 drills for reading the serve and attack. More Info Here.

How to Play Volleyball Related Pages

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Coaching youth can be a very challenging task. While striving to win is an objective, it's not the main goal for volleyball at the beginning level...

Court Dimensions
Official volleyball court dimensions for volleyball. Volleyball court rules and regulations for net height, centerline, attack line, free zone, and volleyball court specifications…

How to Spike
Learn how to spike. The basics of volleyball attacking including the volleyball approach, 3 step approach, 4 step approach, how to contact the ball…

How to Pass
Learn how to pass. The basics of volleyball passing including the forearm pass, overhead pass, body position, foot position, angle of the arms…

How to Serve
How to serve isn't as complicated as many player's think. Underhand serves are the most popular types of serves for beginners. Overhand topspin and float serves are...

Setting can be difficult to learn if you don't know proper technique. Good hand position, contacting the ball on all the fingers, setting without…

U formation using four players and the w formation using five players are the most popular serve receive formations. The two most important considerations..

Four Player Receive
Four player serve receive formations, u shape, semi moon, staggered left, staggered right. The U formation is more common for skilled..

Three Player Receive
With the three person receive alignment it's much easier to communicate and the three best passers can pass in each rotation. Only having...

Tips for Blocking
Blocking is the most under taught skill. The idea is simple, jump up and reach high over the net. Reading the setter and hitters...

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